g the order of the international financial community,” Liu said.
Zhang Xiaohui, a senior researcher for the CF40 and a former assistant governor of the Chinese central bank, said, “The IMF concl上海龙凤1314
usion is objective and reflects that the yuan was assessed to be broadly in line with medium-term fundamentals.”
上海龙凤1314品茶微信Besides refraining from competitively depreciating its own currency, China has also b
een committed to promoting international currency policy coordination, said Zhu, the bank official.
President Xi Jinping announced at the Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing in April tha上海龙凤1314
t China will more effectively engage in international macro-economic policy coordination, including more improve
ments to the exchange rate regime, to ensure that the market plays a decisive role in resource allocation.
According to the IMF news release on Friday, its executive directors agreed that grea
上海龙凤1314品茶微信ter exchange rate flexibility and deeper and better-functioning foreign exchange
markets would help China’s financial system be more capable of dealing with capital flow volatility.
Chen Yuan, chairman of the CF40 Executive Council and former上海龙凤1314
vice-chairman of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, ca
utioned that China needs to prepare for long-term disputes, including in the field of finance.
Chen suggested increasing yuan-denominated settlements in global comm上海龙凤1314品茶微信
odity trade and accelerating the internationalization of the yuan to reduce reliance on the dollar.
Zhou Xiaochuan, chairman of the China Institute of Finance and a former c
上海龙凤1314entral bank governor, said at the CF40 forum over the weekend that China may have to take
countermeasures in the face of any tariff or nontariff barriers imposed against the country.
It was not manipulation but market forces that pushed the recent depreciation of the yuan against the gree上海龙凤1314品茶微信
nback, said Phil Levy, chief economist at Flexport, a San Francisco-based logistics company.
“It is difficult to argue that a failure to intervene against those market forces constitutes currency manipulation,” he said.
nt history, the relocation of some manufacturing industries from
上海龙凤1314China to overseas destinations is inevitable given the extent of China’s development. On the other h
and, this phenomenon does not mean China will lose its manufacturing and economic power.上海龙凤1314品茶微信
During the previous five industrial migrations, the economic development of the leading countries that hosted such industries didn’t stop after
some of the traditional sectors relocated to other countries. Instead, they soon saw the rise of new industries, high-end m上海龙凤1314
anufacturing and the service sector－and they are still developed economies. For example, the US is still the world’s larg
上海龙凤1314品茶微信est economy even 60 years after the third industrial migration, while Japan, Germany and Britain are ranked among the
top seven economies in terms of size and quality even decades after the industrial migration.上海龙凤1314
Relocation speed and scope not alarming
As a country with the world’s largest population, the third-largest territory, and the longest continuous上海龙凤1314
economic growth curve, China’s case will be the same even after the relocation of some of its manufacturing industries.
First, as mentioned above, the speed and scope of the manufacturing units’ relocation from China are not as fast and large as s
上海龙凤1314品茶微信ome people imagine. The industrial relocation from China started after the 2008 global financial crisis br
oke out, accelerated in 2012, and gained pace last year due to the Sino-US trade conflicts.
But the consequences are not expected to be very serious. For instance, from 2008 to 2018, global trade grew at an annual aver
age rate of 2.4 percent, while China saw 6.3 percent annual average export growth, which shows China’s export g上海龙凤1314品茶微信
rowth has been not only steady, but also 3.9 percentage points higher than that of global trade.
As a result, the share of China’s exports in global exports rose from 8.9
percent in 2008 to 12.9 percent in 2018, an increase of 4 percentage points. Which is a clear indica上海龙凤1314
tion that the relocation of manufacturing industries from China is not fast enough to make us feel worried.
Second, the rapid rise of emerging manufacturing industries in China will to a large extent offset t上海龙凤1314
he impact of the relocation of low-end industries on its entire manufacturing industry and e上海龙凤1314品茶微信
conomy. Therefore, China will continue to be a manufacturing and economic powerhouse.
China and the European Union have committed to achieving major progress this year in negotiations for a high-level bilateral in
vestment agreement with a view to concluding the ambitious accord next year, according to a joint statement.
The two sides pledged to widen market access, eliminate discriminatory requireme
nts for foreign investors and establish a balanced investment protection framework, according to a joint statem
ent issued after the China-EU leaders’ meeting held in Brussels, Belgium, on Tuesday.
Premier Li Keqiang, European Council President Donald Tusk and Eur
opean Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker co-chaired the annual meeting and reach
ed consensus on a wide range of issues, including bilateral ties, global challenges and governance.
They committed to building an economic relationship based on openness, nondiscrim
ination and fair competition, ensuring a level playing field, transparency and mutual benefit, the statement added.
Two-way trade between the EU and China reached more than $682 billion last year. The E
U is China’s biggest trading partner, and China is the EU’s second-largest trading partner.